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Knee arthroscopy

21-11-2017
Artroskopska operacija kolena

Knee arthroscopy is minimally invasive method that can help in removing pain in the knee. Most people at least once in life have some problems with knee that is the most complex joint in the human body and is the joint that is prone to injuries. Knee join is complex and consists of femur, tibia, and patella and two cushions (meniscus). Knee joint enables stretching and bending of the leg and gentle rotation. Knee injuries today are more often solved with modern arthroscopy that emerged in the late 60 s of the last century.

With technical progress, this procedure, which is also diagnostic, has become irreplaceable in orthopedics. Arthroscopic knee surgery is one of the most commonly performed operations in the world (four million a year).

Knee pain

Injuries of the knee are more often in the summer, because then people are more active. It can be created due to hard work, falls, in the traffic or during sport activities.

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Knee pains, swellings, sense of leg weakness, instability and reduced mobility are not to be ignored. Problem is rarely solved by itself, but it is necessary to do examination by orthopedic surgeon in time.

Knee arthroscopy- procedure

It is said that arthroscopy is a “view” inside the joint. It is surgical procedure that is performed inside the joint and can be treated with arthroscope-optical instrument. Arthroscope contains lenses and lightening, as well as optic cables that enables transmission of video on the screen in real time. Arthroscopic method is applied when damage of joint cartilage is diagnosed, patellar instability, meniscus rupture, synovial membrane inflammation and rupture of knee ligaments. 

It is also a solution when fragments of bone or cartilage are diagnosed as well as degenerative diseases of the joints and surrounding structures. Comparing classical method with arthroscopic method, tissue in arthroscopic operation are less damaged and recovery is significantly faster.

Surgical procedure

Operation is performed in general and spinal anesthesia and lasts from half an hour to one hour. Before operation orthopedic surgeon will ask for X ray of the joint so he could see the bone fracture, dislocation, tumor or inflammation. Beside that it can be done an ultrasound examination for the joint outflow in the cavity of the joint and for examination of joint structures.

During operation surgeon performs two or three small cuts through which optical and other instruments go though. Cuts are 1 cm large and after operation scars are barely visible.

Complications during application of arthroscopic method are very rare, and usually it is swelling, bleeding or smaller damage of the blood vessels.

Recovery after operation

Recovery after operation is mainly short, and this is one of main advantages of this method. After knee operation patient usually don’t need analgesics, but inactivity and cryotherapy therapy every two, three hours. After a week, patients mainly can return to their daily activities, and can practice sport after a few weeks. Sutures are removed after several days.

In order to make recovery faster and more efficient it is necessary to strictly observe the rules of the orthopedic surgeon. It is necessary that operated leg is elevated (usually on the the pillow) in the area of the foot.

Trust and experience

Orthopedic team of Atlas General Hospital has 12 doctors specialists in orthopedic surgery and traumatology that has practiced their skills in prestigious institutions. Beside arthroscopic operation, there are corrective osteotomy and implantation of knee prosthesis, as well as other forms of treatments of bone joint system. It is enabled additional physical therapy in our hospital.

Long experience of our experts enabled to great number of patients to move again without pain, with  easiness. Hospital has most cutting edge equipment that is used in the world. Pleasant ambient of the hospital and polite staff make patient not to feel sick, but  relieved and safe. Make appointment and consultation with a surgeon on the following phones: +381 11 785 88 88 i +381 60 329 24 11