The end of the second millennium marked a rapid progression of cardiovascular surgery. This process is constantly stimulated by the emergence of new events and discoveries in the fields of pharmacology, chemistry, physics, electronics, and their introduction into clinical practice. With the development of new operative techniques, a fantastic progression of cardiac surgery has begun.
Introduction of catheterization and cardioangiology enabled accurate diagnosis, which is the basis for a safe surgery. Modern anesthesiology is very helpful in surgery in general and cardiac surgery.
Cardiology then flourished by the introduction of the “heart-lung” apparatus, which can turn the patient’s heart off from the bloodstream and stop it for some time. It allows the cardiac surgeon to perform surgery on a “stopped heart”. After the surgery, the heart “re-enters” the bloodstream, and electrostimulation causes movements, and the heart starts to work again in its normal rhythm.
Most common heart surgeries
Today, cardiac surgery can successfully treat many heart diseases that have been classified as incurable in previous years. We will count the most important and most common heart diseases which nowadays are routine cariosurgical operations.
– Congenital heart defects
– Acquired heart defects, especially ostial stenosis
– Installation of artificial heart valves
– Valve reconstruction
– By-pass in coronary diseases (insertion of the venous graft between the aorta and the coronary artery and bridging the blocked or very narrow part of the artery)
– Installation of a pacemaker (implantation of a pacemaker) that has the function of regulating heart rhythm
– Installation of stent
– Dissection of heart aneurysm
– Dissection of the necrotic zone in acute myocardial infarction.
Cardiac surgery also includes arterial intervention (thrombosis, narrowing, clogged arteries, obliteration).
Examination of cardio-vascular patients
Cardiovascular surgery also deeply relies on modern diagnostic agents and a detailed examination of cardio-vascular patients. This is a very important part which must be done accurately before each visit to the operating room.
During examination it is necessary to take anamnestic data systematically, methodologically and proficiently as well as all other, obtained by supplementary examinations.
Professionally taken anamnesis almost always leads to accurate diagnosis in cardio-vascular patients.
Candidates for cardio surgery
In most cases, patients stress that they are rapidly tired during physical activity and sometimes in a state of rest. Fatigue is one of the first and primary symptoms of cardio-vascular patients. Patients with heart disease often complain about coughing. Cough, without any lung issues may be one of the first symptoms of cardiac disease.
Then, symptoms arise due to heart rhythm disorders: tachycardia, bradycardia, heart palpitations, extrasystoles and other forms of cardiac arrhythmias.
Chest pain is another significant symptom of heart disease, which has individual characteristics.
Without blood pressure measurement, it is not possible to imagine a routine heart examination.
Modern diagnostic devices
As we have already said at the beginning, without modern medicines, devices, appliances and devices, cardiac surgery would not be as developed as it is nowadays. Modern diagnostic devices provide a very precise insight into the patient’s health, which makes the cardiac surgery a lot easier.
Here we can put: blood pressure monitoring, ECG, ultrasound, color Doppler of blood vessels, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computerized tomography (CT apparatus) …
Therefore, these are the cardiac support devices of great importance for preoperative detection of all diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
Atlas Cardiac Surgery
If you want to undergo a detailed heart examination and find out if you may be a candidate for heart surgery, and call Atlas General Hospital for your scheduled +381 11 785 88 88.
In any case, it is useful to know what your risk of heart disease is.