Laparoscopic surgery

Laparoscopic surgery is a surgical diagnostic procedure used to examine the organs inside the abdomen. It is a low-risk, minimally invasive procedure where only small incisions are made.

Laparoskopska hirurgija
Laparoscopic surgery

 

Laparoscopy uses an instrument called a laparoscope to look at the abdominal organs. Laparascope is a long, thin tube with a high-intensity light and a high- resolution camera at the front. The instrument is inserted through an incision in the abdominal wall. As it moves along, the camera sends images to a video monitor.

Laparoscopy is often used to identify and diagnose the source of abdominal or pelvic pain. This procedure may also be used to take a biopsy or sample of tissue from a particular organ in the abdomen.

A doctor can also detect an abdominal mass or tumor,fluid in the abdominal cavity,liver disease,the degree to which a particular cancer has progressed.

Laparoscopic procedures involve:laparoscopic gallbladder removal,laparoscopic appendectomy, different laparoscopic gynecologic interventions, laparoscopic abdominal tumor biopsy.

 

The advantages of laparoscopic surgery compared to open surgery are: small incisions on the abdomen which reduce pain and enable quicker recovery, smaller post-operative scars on the skin,significantly less post-operative pain, shorter time of operation,shorter stay in hospital after the operation as well as quicker post-operative recovery.

 

How is the procedure carried out?

Laparoscopic operations are performed under general anesthesia.

 

During laparoscopy,an incision will be made below naval.A small tube, called cannula,will then be inserted. The cannula is used to inflate your abdomen with carbondioxide gas.The gas allows a doctor to see your abdominal organs more clearly.When the abdomen is inflated, the laparascope will be inserted through the incision.The camera attached to the laparascope will display the images on a screen allowing a doctor to see your organs. This is carried out in the operating theatre.

During a biopsy, a doctor will take a small sample of tissue from an organ to be evaluated.

After the procedure, the incisions will be closed with stitches or surgical tape.

If the procedure is carried out for diagnostic reasons,a patient will leave the hospital the same day,but if an operation is performed a patient stays in hospital from 2 to 3 days.

Depending on the procedure,a patient can get back to usual daily activities within a week.

Biopsy results are obtained after 3 or 5 days.

 

 

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Experts: Surgery